Interviews / Uzbekistan
“Certainly, [Uzbek society] requests better living conditions. At the same time, the society is very conservative, even the younger generation (especially outside Tashkent). Most still believe the affirmation that stability is the greatest value. There are even opinions that Mirziyoyev’s reforms are too rapid,” said Temur Umarov, an expert on Uzbekistan and consultant at the Carnegie Moscow Center. He answered CABAR.asia’s questions. (more…)
Edil Osmonbetov, a Kyrgyz political scientist and international relations expert, shared his views on the upcoming Tashkent summit of the heads of Central Asian states. (more…)
In addition to a large flow of labor migrants from Central Asia, there is a considerable number of people who were constrained to leave their native lands in foreign countries.. Scientists at the department of Politics of the University of Exeter have created and maintain the database of political exiles from the Central Asian countries. This project collects data on extraterritorial security measures undertaken by the five Central Asian states, as well as threats to human rights violations and problems faced by people in exile and opposition movements abroad. Analytical platform CABAR.asia has interviewed the leaders of this project, researchers Dr. John Heatershaw and Dr. Saipira Furstenberg about political exiles, reasons of forced migration from the region, and features of the database.
«If you can combat corruption and nepotism and all these things, then business finds interest in going places», – said H.E. Ole Johan Bjørnøy, Norwegian Ambassador to Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, in the interview to CABAR.asia analytical platform.
Discussion of Uzbekistan’s accession to the EAEU: “Kremlin put Tashkent in an uncomfortable position”
“The issue of integration should neither be considered as a solution to the migration problem, nor should it be confined to it, since migration is a negative phenomenon, while nations usually unite on the basis of positive drivers,” says Uzbek political scientist Farhod Tolipov, director of non-governmental scientific –educational institution “Bilim carvoni” (“Caravan of knowledge”).
Arastun Orujlu: Central Asian Experience of Working with “Returnees” from Syria is Useful for Azerbaijan
“Participation of CIS in radical groups fighting in Syria, Iraq and some parts of Afghanistan is a common issue for all CIS states. Joint efforts would facilitate the fight against this phenomenon and terrorism in general,” Arastun Orujlu, Azerbaijan-based expert in security issues, former officer of the Ministry of National Security of Azerbaijan, and head of the Vostok Zapad think tank, said in the interview to CABAR.asia.
Elier Karimov: Mandatory quotas for women will positively affect the solution of gender problems in Uzbekistan
What needs to be done to raise the status of women in Uzbekistan? Elier Karimov, Doctor of Historical Sciences, professor at Hofstra University (New York, USA) considers it useful to legally strengthen the measures which provide privileges for women.
«According to the World Bank’s 2018 report, Uzbekistan appeared on the 76th place in the “Doing Business” rating, notably the rating dramatically improved in the period of 2012–16 when no reforms were practically implemented in the country. Such “progress” does not correspond to the reality», – notes Yuliy Yusupov, director of the Center for Economic Development.
“If a country provides its citizens with a decent quality of life and everyone is guaranteed a minimum of rights and freedoms regardless of social, religious or gender status, no one will voluntarily leave the country for many years to migrate in search of a better life.” – said Olga Gulina, Doctor of Laws, director and founder of RUSMPI UG – Institute on Migration Policy in an interview for the analytical platform CABAR.asia.
«Central Asian states do not need another organization to cooperate, but rather they need something more flexible, like an informal club between them to regulate and open discussion» – notes Filippo Costa Buranelli, researcher and assistant professor in international relations at University of St.Andrews, in his interview for CABAR.asia.