In Kyrgyzstan, 199 schools are beyond repair and must be replaced with new facilities. Their construction requires 87.84 million dollars, which are unavailable in the budget.
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The main reason why almost 200 educational institutions in the country have fallen into disrepair is the age of the buildings and violation of construction standards and regulations (SNiP) during construction.
According to the Ministry of Education, Kyrgyzstan has 2,227 schools for 600 thousand pupils. Today, every sixth school is in disrepair.
The schools are divided into two categories:
- in disrepair that need full repair. There are 185 schools in three regions —Talas, Dzhalal-Abad and Batken.
- beyond repair, new buildings are needed – 199 educational institutions.
In total, 2 billion 318.74 million som (27.34 million dollars) is needed for capital repair of schools, if possible. New construction requires 7 billion 448.6 million som (87.84 million dollars).
Most of the schools that need to be replaced by new schools are located in Osh region. There are 60 facilities beyond repair there.
One of the frequently mentioned reasons for new construction is the age of schools. Almost all buildings were built back in the Soviet period. The Yusup Abdrakhmanov school in the village of Ananievo in Issyk-Kul region turned 113 years old this year.
Every 12th school was built by the “common deed” method
However, the age is the main yet not the only reason for disrepair of schools. Some educational facilities were built in the early 2000s.
The new school is located in Batken region and has the name of the Kyrgyz Soviet party and public official Absamat Masaliev. The educational institution consists of four buildings built from 1975 to 2015.
Currently, according to the report of the emergency ministry, the building is in disrepair and is unfit for classes. Although the two buildings were built relatively recently – in 2009 and 2015.
According to the report, the main reason of fast wear and tear of buildings is that schools built by the “common deed” method violate the SNiP. In other words, they were built by citizens by means of donations.
The analysis of schools in disrepair shows that every 12th school built by the “common deed” method violates the SNiP.
Amid the deficit of the national budget of Kyrgyzstan, construction of facilities using one’s own resources is almost the only solution.
According to the Gosstroi, in 2020 353 million som (4.16 million dollars) was allocated from the republican budget for the repair of academic buildings of schools in disrepair. This amount covers only 3.6 per cent of the demand for money.ol