Analytical materials

Iran's President Hassan Rouhani gives a press conference on the second anniversary of his election, in Tehran, Iran, Saturday, June 13, 2015. Rouhani said a final nuclear deal is "within reach" as Iran and world powers face a June 30 deadline for an agreement. Rouhani said Iran will allow inspections of its nuclear facilities but vowed that the Islamic republic won't allow its state "secrets" to be jeopardized under the cover of international inspections. (AP Photo/Ebrahim Noroozi)

“The recent change in Iranian leadership, namely the victory of Hassan Rouhani in the 2013 presidential elections as well as the return of reformers and allies of the President to the Iranian parliament in the first half of 2016, denoted the beginning of the implementation of new approaches to the external and internal policy in the Islamic Republic of Iran,” – Kazakhstani expert Lidiya Parkhomchik outlines Iran’s foreign policy strategy in Central Asia in this CABAR.asia exclusive.

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“Tajikistan is waiting for Russia to create certain programs within the framework of the EaEU for the real sector of the economy, joint industrialization along the lines of the activities of the Russian-Kyrgyz Development Fund, and the realization of Dushanbe’s energy projects as well as the solving of disputes with Uzbekistan.   Additionally, the agenda calls for the creation of direct rail links with other EaEU member-states and compensation for what Tajik officials view to be unavoidable short-term losses in customs duties for Tajikistan,” – political scientist Komron Khidoyatzoda examines the difficult questions and expectations of Tajikistan regarding cooperation with the EaEU in this CABAR.asia exclusive.

Investigative reporting

Markhabo

Every year, because of the carelessness of husbands dozens of healthy young women are infected with HIV, which is then transferred to their children. According to statistics, 70% of carriers of HIV are men, who do not warn their brides about the virus prior to the wedding. Tajik President Emomali Rahmon emphasized the key role of healthy and strong families in developing the country, and urged young couples to undergo a medical examination before marriage. However, HIV testing has a fee, public awareness is low, and sometimes people contract the virus in health facilities.

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According to a survey, 72 percent of Tajik women have contemplated suicide, and 24 percent of them have attempted suicide after finding out about having contracted human immunodeficiency virus. Although the disease is not transmitted through casual contact, due to illiteracy [on the matter], Tajik society prefer to avoid the carriers of the virus, and some even terrorize them.

Four years’ absence will make it hard for LiveJournal to claw back its fans. The authorities in Kazakstan have unblocked the LiveJournal blogging website, four years after shutting down access to it.

Fewer jobs and a worsening exchange rate hits households supported by expats in Russia.A new law setting out tougher penalties for sex workers in Tajikistan is unlikely to curb the industry, as its roots lie in endemic poverty and unemployment.

Short of vehicles and staff, emergency services also find city traffic a problem. Ambulances in Kyrgyzstan’s capital Bishkek are supposed to arrive within 20 minutes of a call-out, but that rarely happens.

At least 400 Kazak nationals believed to be in Syria or Iraq.In mid-October, Kazakstan’s government added Islamic State to the list of designated terrorist organisations.

IWPR Reporting Central Asia

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Samsung, Lyft app and environmental startup MissionCTRL. Young specialists from Kyrgyzstan succeed in their career in the United States due to education, determination and continuous self-improvement.

Events of bureau

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A roundtable on “Military personnel rights” was organized in Rasht region by the Institute for War and Peace Reporting in Tajikistan in cooperation with Public Association “Citizens Freedoms’ Office” with the support the Ombudsman Office in the Republic of Tajikistan.

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On April 14, at the initiative of the representative offices of the Institute for War and Peace Reporting, an online dialogue was held between civil society representatives and intellectuals of Afghanistan and Tajikistan. The theme of this Skype conference was the experience of Tajikistan in establishing peace after the civil war of 1992-1997, and the possibility of using this experience in Afghanistan.

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