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Women in the Parliaments of Central Asia

The constitutions of the Central Asia’s countries guarantee to all citizens, regardless of nationality, religion and gender, aspire for different posts in all branches of power. 189 countries in world have ratified the UN Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women. It seems that women have already achieved equality at the political level. Nevertheless, the representation of women in politics and decision-making processes in the countries of the region is still below the basic international level.

The editorial board of the analytical platform CABAR.asia decided to analyze the representation of women in the parliaments of Central Asian countries. The material is intended to enhance public awareness of the contribution of women to the legislative process in the highest representative body of the countries in the region.

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The Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan (Mezhilis) – is the highest representative body of the Republic of Kazakhstan, performing legislative functions. The Parliament consists of two Chambers: the Senate and the Mezhilis, operating on an ongoing basis.


The Jogorku Kenesh of the Kyrgyz Republic is the highest representative body of the Kyrgyz Republic. It is a unicameral parliament consisting of 120 deputies.


The Supreme Assembly of Tajikistan “Majlisi Oli” is the highest legislative and representative body of state power of the Republic of Tajikistan, consisting of two chambers: the lower – the House of Representatives and the upper – the National Council.


The Mejlis of Turkmenistan is a unicameral parliament consisting of 125 deputies, the only supreme representative body of the country that exercises legislative power.


The Oliy Majlis is the parliament of Uzbekistan, consisting of two chambers – the lower (the Legislative Chamber) and the upper (Senate).

This article was prepared as part of the Giving Voice, Driving Change – from the Borderland to the Steppes Project implemented with the financial support of the Foreign Ministry of Norway. The opinions expressed in the article do not reflect the position of the editorial or donor.

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