According to NGO ‘Union of Crisis Centres of Kazakhstan’, about 400 women die from domestic violence in the country every year. Victims’ applications to the police are either ignored or investigated in a slipshod manner. However, according to activists, crisis centres in Kazakhstan operate inefficiently, while human rights international organisations declare the standards of services provided to victims do not comply with international quality standards and their insufficient number. (more…)
There are no visible conflicts on the basis of ethnic-religious hostility in Tajikistan. However, if the problem is not visible, this does not mean that it does not exist, said Aziz Timurov, participant of the CABAR.asia School of Analytics. In his opinion, a well-developed and applicable tolerance policy can mitigate potential ethnic-religious and regional conflicts and be a factor in economic development in Tajikistan.
The reform of the judicial system, including new codes generation, was aimed primarily at the humanization of legislation and the decriminalization of certain types of crimes. Domestic violence, in the framework of the legislation change, was on the contrary criminalized. It was included in the Code of Misconduct, which is part of the criminal law. But the de facto prosecution of perpetrators has become more difficult.
However, human rights activists think this is not enough and liability for domestic violence should be toughened as well. It all usually starts with physical aggression, which can one day turn into sexual abuse.
According to experts, there is a trend in Kazakhstan when courts hand out softer punishments to abusers, while cases of the victims of violence who injured the abuser while self-defending are registered as murder by default.
In both countries, families become mainly child abusers.