Due to the coronavirus pandemic, Russia has banned the entry of foreign citizens until May 1. The party impacted by this decisions are thousands of migrants from Central Asian countries, who lost their jobs at the beginning of the season.
«Labor migration is often the only way out of a difficult financial situation. However, the factor of the absence of parents leads to many psychological and social problems of the child,» – Aigerim Arzymatova, a specialist of the Office of the Ombudsman, Kyrgyz Republic, a participant of the School of Analytics CABAR.asia, notes in her article written specifically for CABAR.asia.
According to official data, in the last 10 years more than 321 thousand people left Kazakhstan. This number equals the population size in the town of Semei, where 323,199 people live as of January 1, 2019. Over 25 per cent of emigrants are people in the age of 15 to 28 years old.
Kyrgyzstan has discussed the efficient use of money of migrant workers for a few years, but still hasn’t clear understanding of it. They increasingly prefer to invest money in business back home instead of holding feasts or purchasing apartments.
“If a country provides its citizens with a decent quality of life and everyone is guaranteed a minimum of rights and freedoms regardless of social, religious or gender status, no one will voluntarily leave the country for many years to migrate in search of a better life.” – said Olga Gulina, Doctor of Laws, director and founder of RUSMPI UG – Institute on Migration Policy in an interview for the analytical platform CABAR.asia.
«Adoption of a number of legal documents facilitating migrant workers indicates that the government of Uzbekistan is indeed changing its attitudes and approaches. However, the magnitude and the enormity of the problems related to migrant workers abroad, especially in Russia, still remains staggering, while many problems faced by migrant workers are completely omitted from the bilateral talks between the governments of Uzbekistan and Russia», – Farhod Mirzabayev, an independent analyst from Tashkent, participant of CABAR.asia School of Analytics.
On May 23, 2019, IWPR Tajikistan hosted an expert meeting “Migration from Tajikistan to Russia: Analysis of New Trends”. Experts, representatives of state, international and public organizations, independent analysts and journalists discussed the current state of labor migration from Tajikistan to Russia and offered their vision of the ways to solve the observed problems.
“Mass labor migration should not become a permanent phenomenon. The longer it lasts, the more harmful and destructive consequences it accumulates, and those are beginning to threaten political and social stability”, political analyst Parviz Mullojanov told CABAR.asia in an interview. (more…)
«Analysis of the conceptual documents in the field of migration shows that in the past decade there have not been major innovations. Kyrgyzstan still considers external migration as a source of remittances and as a tension reduction tool in the domestic labor market», – Anar Musabaeva, a political analyst from Bishkek, notes in her article for CABAR.asia.
«The process of emigration does not have any significant effect on the demographic indicators of the population in Kazakhstan. In Kazakhstan, there is no threat of depopulation and aging of the nation», – Olga Simakova, Almaty-based sociologist, writes in her article.