Multimedia / Kazakhstan
Alcohol consumption is a social issue in Central Asia. The authorities of countries in the region regularly hold campaigns to reduce alcohol consumption and improve the citizens’ health. The issue nonetheless remains relevant and data on the region presents compelling numbers and trends.
Migrant workers make up a significant part of the Central Asian population, who are abroad. Previously, the main flow of migrants worked in Russia. However, over the past five years, the geography of labor migration has changed.
Recently, various publications circulate materials on the difference in commodity circulations between Central Asian countries and major partners. Deficiencies were indicated in the figures between the figures of the customs services of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan with China. This article shows attempts to identify a similar situation in other countries of the region.
The concentration of harmful particles in Nur Sultan exceeds the annual norm by 2.5 times. Air quality in Almaty did not exceed the norm for only one day in five months. Bishkek often falls into the top of the most polluted cities in the world. The most dangerous days in 2019 for Dushanbe were summer and autumn, when dusty storms covered the city. In Ashgabat, the level of air pollution rarely exceeds the acceptable norm. Air in Tashkent was harmful 80% of the days in 2019.
65.6 million people live in the four countries of Central Asia, including 7.8 million pensioners. In other words, every eighth resident of Central Asia is on pension.
According to official data, in the last 10 years more than 321 thousand people left Kazakhstan. This number equals the population size in the town of Semei, where 323,199 people live as of January 1, 2019. Over 25 per cent of emigrants are people in the age of 15 to 28 years old.
The constitutions of the Central Asia’s countries guarantee to all citizens, regardless of nationality, religion and gender, aspire for different posts in all branches of power. 189 countries in world have ratified the UN Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women. It seems that women have already achieved equality at the political level. Nevertheless, the representation of women in politics and decision-making processes in the countries of the region is still below the basic international level.
Kazakhstan still has operating schools that were built until the 1980s. They are almost unfit for classes, but their repair is underfinanced and construction of new schools is going slowly.
The holy follower of Islam, Arstanbab, has been held in reverence in Central Asia at all times. A few places in the region are named after him and are considered the places of his burial. (more…)